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香港岭南大学姚羽欣:性别比与初婚年龄:来自中国的一胎半生育政策的证据

( 来源: 作者:肖力 发布日期:2018-06-04 14:53:45)

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姚羽欣

香港岭南大学经济系 访问助理教授(Visiting Assistant Professor)、荷兰蒂尔堡大学(Tilburg University)博士。

姚羽欣博士的2006年中国人民大学学士,2012年美国密歇根大学博士。研究领域包括实验经济学,行为经济学,博弈论和市场机制设计。 2006年中国人民大学学士,2012年美国密歇根大学博士。研究领域包括实验经济学,行为经济学,博弈论和市场机制设计。研究领域包括Labor Economics, Applied Econometrics, Economics of Education, Demographic Economics。姚博士的研究成果发表在国际著名期刊Economics of Education ReviewLabour Economics。姚博士将与我们分享最新的经济学研究方法,尤其是劳动经济学的研究范式,如同群效应研究。

 

讲座时间:201867(周四)上午10:00-11:30pm

 

讲座题目:

英文:Sex Ratio and Timing of the First Marriage: Evidence from the One-and-A-Half-Children Policy in China

中文:性别比与初婚年龄:来自中国的一胎半生育政策的证据

 

Abstract
This paper studies how sex imbalance in the marriage market affects the timing of the first marriage. As a major relaxation of the one-child policy in China during the 1980s, the “one-and-a-half-children” policy was implemented to allow extra births, conditional on the gender of the first child. Rural residents are allowed to have a second child only if the first child is female. Due to the stronger son preference at higher order births, this policy change increases the incentive of parents to have male children rather than female children and conduct sex-selective abortions. Thus, this led to a male-biased sex ratio at birth in the 1980s and an excess supply of males in marriage market after 2000. Based on data from China Family Panel Studies 2014 and the Chinese Census 2000, I estimate the effect of sex ratio on the timing of the first marriage by exploiting the exogenous variation of the policy implementation across regions and cohorts. From a difference-in-difference approach with mixture proportional hazard models, I find that the first marriage is significantly delayed in regions with a high sex ratio. The delaying effects are significant for both males and females, though less significant and smaller for females. The fact that females also delay the first marriage is because they set a higher reservation wage in response to an excess supply of males in the marriage market.

 

发表记录:

1.   Educational Consequences of Language Proficiency on Young Children (with Asako Ohinata and Jan van Ours), Economics of Education Review, 2016 (54), 1-15.

2.   Language Skills and Labor Market Performance of Immigrants in the Netherlands (with Jan van Ours), Labour Economics, 2015 (34), 76-85.